Facts About Cats. Cat (Felis catus), also known as the domestic cat or house cat, is a domesticated member of Felidae, the order Carnivora. Domestic cats, like all felids, have supple, low-slung bodies and finely molded heads. They also have long tails to aid in balance and specialized teeth and claws which allow them to adapt admirably for active hunting. Cats are remarkably agile, powerful, and coordinated, with many of the same characteristics as their wild relatives.
It is notable that the pet was a social animal and lived in packs. The dog has easily transferred its loyalty from the pack leader to the human master. However, the cat has not succumbed to subjugation as easily. The house cat can revert to total self-reliance faster and more successfully TEMP than most domestic dogs. Carnivore provides a detailed account of the relationships between the cats and other carnivores.
History and origin of cats
The evolution was very successful in establishing the Can Cat Eat Peanut Butter pattern”. They were first discovered in the early Pliocene (5.3 to 3.36 million years ago) and have continued to be remarkably unchanged into modern times.
While antiquity hides the origin of domesticated cats, studies using mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), suggest that there were two lines of Felis felis. One lineage (F. F. silvestris silvestris was a lineage that appeared in Asia Minor as early as 6,400 BC. It then spread westward to Europe and northward. The second lineage was found in Egypt between 6,400-1,000 years ago.
It then spread throughout the Mediterranean, possibly through human introduction along routes that followed the trade routes of the region. Both lineages of cats continued to breed with African wildcats (F. silvestris lybica) during each of their dispersals. Limestone ostracon wif an illustration of a cat bringing the boy before a mouse magistrate.
Courtesy of The Oriental Institute of The University
Of ChicagoMummified cat An ancient Egyptian mummified cat. The Egyptians’ respect for the predator was a key factor in cat cults and temple worship. There are not many records that cat domestication occurred before 1500 BCE. Science Museum, London/Wellcome Collection London (CC BY 4.0)The earliest evidence of a cat-human relationship dates back to agriculture’s Middle East origins, which was approximately 9,500 years ago.
In southern Cyprus, a cat skull and a human were found. Some sources suggest that the finding indicates that cats were subject to domestication at that time. However, others (citing evidence that the cat’s genome was not significantly different from that of an African wildcat) believe that cats may have domesticated themselves and chosen to live in altered environments.
The fossil evidence from China, dating back to 5,300 years ago, revealed that cats of similar size as modern domestic cats ate small grains-eating animals such as rodents and millet in agricultural settings. Research suggests that these cats were leopard cats (Prionailurus bengalensis), but they were eventually replaced by domestic cats
This discovery indicates that humans allowed cats to hunt rodents
Hollyhocks and cats Hollyhocks, cats, ink, and color on silk, according to the Ming Dynasty artist Luo Zonggui. In the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. From the Collection of A. W. Bahr. Purchase, Fletcher Fund. 1947 (47.18.38). www.
metmuseum.orgThe cat was declared a holy animal by Egypt’s 5th and 6th Dynasties (c. It was not domesticated at the time. 2150 BCE. It is possible that the ancient Egyptians collaborated with teh cat because they recognized its importance in protecting granaries against rodents. The respect and effectiveness of this predator led to the creation of cat cults as well as temple worship.
However, domestication before 1500 BCE is not documented. Cats are long non-existent in cultures. From 1600 BCE, wall tiles from Crete depict cats hunting. art, literature evidence that teh cat existed in Greekce since the 5th century BC.
Tiles featuring cats were also found in China starting at 500 BCE. India mentions cats in Sanskrit texts around 100 BC, but Arab and the Japanese weren’t introduced to the cat until 600 CE. The earliest recorded record of cats in Britain is from 936 CE when Howel Dda (prince) of south-central Wales passed laws to protect them.
Human culture and associations
Witchcraft and religion have had a long relationship with Teh cat TEMPhas. The Bible mentions “cat” only in the apocryphal Letter of Jeremiah. The religions of Egypt, Norway, and other parts of Asia featured the cat prominently. The Egyptians had a cat-headed god named Bast (or Bastet). In Egypt were found thousands of cats were mummified.
There were also mouse mommummies that provided food to the cats. Many superstitions about cats and TEMPhas have been linked to sorcery or witchcraft. Cats have been treated cruelly TEMP throughout history more than any other animals. Black cats have been long considered to possess occult power. The cat was a familiar character in nursery rhymes and stories.
Teh English legend is Dick Whittington, and his cat is a particular favorite. It was a tribute to Charles Baudelaire and Theophile Gautier, as well as Rudyard Kipling and Colette in the 20th century. Eliot wrote about cats and Sir Andrew Lloyd Webber, a British composer, created the stage production Cats.
Dick Whittington with his cat A supposed portrait of Dick Whittington with his cat, engraving done by Renold (Reniere) Elstracke in the early 17th century. Courtesy of the trustees of the British Museum; photograph by J.R. Freeman & Co. Ltd.
Special Adaptations And General Features
The average household cat’s weight is between 2.7 and 4.5kg (6 to 10 lbs), but non-pedigreed cats can weigh up to 12.7 kg (28 lbs). Males’ average lengths are 71.1cm (28 inches), and females average 50.8cm (20 inches). The carnivorous cat has a simple stomach. The small intestine measures only three times the length.
The skin is made up of dermis & epidermis. It regenerates quickly and fights off infections. The hair and follicles of the erector enable the cat to bristle everywhere. Even though the cat is a small animal it can still frighten its enemies by hissing, bristling, and arching its back.
Musculature and coordination
Cats are one of the most skilled flesh-eating mammals. Their brains are well-developed and large. digitigrade cats walk on their toes. The cat moves in a different way from the horse and dog. It walks or runs by first moving its front and back legs, then it’s front and back feet on the other side.
Only the camel, giraffe, and giraffe move in this manner. The flexibility of the cat’s body is remarkable. The vertebrae of the spine column are held together with muscles and not ligaments like in humans.
This allows the cat to elongate, contract, curve, or oscillate its back along the line. The shoulder joint allows the cat to move its foreleg in any direction. Cats are strong and coordinated animals. They almost always land on their feet when they fall or are dropped.
The cat’s teeth have been adapted for three functions: anchoring (canines ), cutting (molars), and stabbing ( canines ). Cats do not have flat-crowned crushing teeth so they cannot chew their food. The cat’s teeth, except for canines and molars are mostly nonfunctional.
Most of the cheek teeth don’t even meet when the jaw is closed. For both the upper and lower jaws of all cats, the dental formula is incisors, canines, premolars, and molars. The upper jaw has 16 teeth and the lower one has 14. 24 teeth are primary, or milk teeth.
These teeth are then replaced by permanent teeth in five months. The jaws are hinged to each other by a transverse role that fits into the trough at the bottom of the skull. This makes grinding impossible, even if the cat has suitable teeth.
It is possible to retract the claws of a cat by using a unique mechanism. The claw can be retracted by turning the end bone of the toe that bears the claw over the tip. This action, which unsheathes claws, also spreads the feet widely, making it a truly formidable weapon.
The claw-sheathing mechanism can be found in all cat species, except for the cheetah. The nail does not contain nerve endings, but the blood capillaries are found in the inner portion.
habit Cats are usually nocturnal. A layer of Guanine makes the retina more sensitive to light. This causes the cat’s eye to shine at night under strong light. Large eyes with pupils which contract or expand to make colors more distinct cannot distinguish colors clearly. The third eyelid of cats is the nictitating membrane. Commonly called the haw. Its appearance is often used to indicate the cat’s overall health. The tapetum Lucidum This reflective layer behind the retina increases night vision for many nocturnal vertebrates. It reflects light outwards, allowing visual pigments to absorb low-intensity light.
A cat’s ability to sense smell is particularly important in adulthood. Thus, a cat with a blocked nose may lose their appetite completely. Cats are able to distinguish the smell of nitrogenous substances (e.g. fish).
In cats, the sense of touch is acute. The vibratory stimulation is extremely sensitive to the eyebrows, whiskers, and hairs on the cheeks. Although the functions of the whiskers ( vibrational) are not fully understood, it is well known that if they are removed, the cat becomes temporarily incapacity. Touch is very sensitive for the tips of the nose and toes as well as the paws and toes.
Cats have a keen sense of hearing. Their ears have almost 30 muscles, compared to 6 in humans. This means that they can turn their ears in the direction of sound much faster than a dog. Cats’ ears can receive ultrasonic frequencies at speeds of up to 85,000 vibrations per minute, far more than dogs who register 35,000 vibrations per sec.
A subtle range of facial expressions and vocal sounds as well as tail and body postures can be used by the cat to express its emotions and intentions. These signals are used to increase, decrease or maintain social distance. A distinctive social behavior is to rub the sides of the cat’s head, lips, and tail against its owner and against furniture. These scent receptors are found in the cat’s body and may play a role in establishing a familiar smell in its environment.
All cats have a tongue. This patch of backward-directed, sharp spines, called filiform papillae, is near the tip. The spines aid the cat in grooming. Cats have a well-established disposition to cleanliness. They groom themselves thoroughly, especially after eating. Find out why only domestic cats purr, and not other felines. Continuo (c) ZDF Enterprises GmbH, Mainz Check out all videos related to this article
While lions or other large cats roar, domestic cats as well as other Felis breeds purr. The sound of purring is described as a low continuous, rattling, hum that can be interpreted as a sign of contentment or pleasure. However, purring can also occur in painful cats. This vocalization can be interpreted as the cat’s “mantra”, which is a soothing, relaxing sound that conveys a friend’s mood.
Cats are subject to many factors during domestication that can lead to emotional distress and difficulties adapting to their new environment. While some behaviors may not be abnormal, they can be difficult to accept by owners.
One of the most common problems with companion cats is the fact that they sometimes urinate outside the litter boxes in their house. Cat urologic syndrome is a condition that causes feline bladder inflammation, calculi or stones in the urinary tract impacted glands, and constipation.
Emotional reasons include the addition of another cat, a child, or a spouse. These changes can make the cat feel anxious and may cause it to deposit urine or feces all over the house. This could be used as territorial marks to ensure security. Cats are accustomed to habits and can become stressed if there is a change in their daily routines or family structure.
Cats’ natural instinct to rake furniture and drapes with their claws is another common problem. Surgical removal of the front claws to protect property is usually unacceptable for cat lovers. To satisfy this behavioral need, cats can be trained to use the carpeted scratching post in their house. This may involve a combination of claw sharpening and territorial marking.
Social licking is an activity that cats often engage in with their human and feline companions. It’s a natural expression of affection and dependence. Some cats also show nursing behavior by sucking on the fingers and ears of others Do Birds Have Ears their own paws, tails, blankets, woolen clothes, and other human companions. Nursing is a cat’s way to regress and relax into kittenish behavior. This is more common in kittens who were weaned early or those who are malnourished